Learning Models

BCTF: Aboriginal Ways of Knowing and Being posters (set of 4)


FNESC: First Peoples Principles of Learning Poster (Teacher Resource)

First Peoples Principles of Learning (FPPL): Clearly outlines and explains each principle in the context of indigenous knowledge (IK), educational research and theory, and applications to student learning and activities within the classroom and the school.  Here is an orientation guide to this document.  (ProD)

First Peoples Principles of Learning  “This site is created by Jo Chrona (FNESC) to help educators in British Columbia understand how they might incorporate the First Peoples Principles of Learning (FPPL) into their classrooms and schools. …. While it is necessary to be able to clearly articulate the nature of each principle in order to understand its implications for our classrooms and schools, it is understood that an inherent interconnectedness exists between all of the principles.” (ProD)

Laura Tait, First Peoples Priniciples of Learning: (ProD)

Dr. Jo-ann Archibald, Indigenizing the Curriculum: (ProD))

Elder Elize Hartley talks about the seven Grandfather teachings: (ProD)

Valuing the Aboriginal Learner: Seven Living Principles (ProD)

Seven Sacred Teachings : From Alberta Regional Professional Development Consortia, this website includes information and lesson plans related to the seven sacred teachings. (Primary, Intermediate, Middle, Secondary)

Elder Explains the Origins of First Nations Seven Teachings (Video) : “Manitoba First Nation Elder Dave Courchene explains the origins and lessons of the First Nation Seven Teachings (Seven Sacred Teaachings).  The lessons of the Bear Spirit (Courage), the Beaver Spirit (Wisdom), the Eagle Spirit (Love), the Buffalo Spirit (Respect), the Sasquatch Spirit (Honesty), the Wolf Spirit (Humility) and the Turtle Spirit (Truth) are all retold in this 11 minute video in both English and Ojibway.” Although created in the context of a parenting program, the parts that explain the teachings are very powerful including a combination of Ojibwe and English, as well as visuals of each animal that represents a specific sacred teaching. (Middle School, High School, ProD)

The Seven Grandfather Teachings from Rabbit and Bear Paws.  Each of the teachings is clearly explained for children. Scrolling to the bottom of this webpage, you will find downloadable lesson plans for these Sacred Teachings. (Intermediate)

Early Learning Class Based on Aboriginal Culture: (ProD)

Indigenous Ways of Knowing :  Indigenous knowledges are living ways of making sense of the world embedded in community practices, rituals and relationships. From University of Toronto’s OISE (Ontario Institute for Studies in Education), this module explores Indigenous ways of knowing towards enriching education. (ProD)

FNMI (First Nations, Métis and Inuit) Collaborative Framework: Building Relationships :  Developed by  Alberta Education (First Nations, Métis and Inuit Education) with FNMI communities.  A companion document, Successful Practices In First Nations, Métis and Inuit Education, supports implementation of this framework.  (ProD)

BCTLA Points of Inquiry Research Model  (Inquiry-based learning, ProD)

Walking Together: First Nations, Métis and Inuit Perspectives in Curriculum : This digital resource from Alberta Education provides authentic information in 12 topic areas: FNMI worldviews, oral tradition, Elders, symbolism and traditions, connection to land, Indigenous pedagogy, culture and language, well-being, traditional environmental knowledge, kinship, Aboriginal and treaty rights, and healing historical trauma. Each topic area features interviews with well-respected and knowledgeable Elders, cultural experts and educators. If you are new to FNMI cultures, begin at the home screen of Walking Together, select FNMI Worldviews, and explore by moving clockwise around the circle of stones.” (ProD))    

Talking Together: A Discussion Guide for “Walking Together”   “A discussion guide for Walking Together: First Nations, Métis and Inuit Perspectives in Curriculum, contains practical ideas for school leaders and teachers to explore the resource in groups or individually. Sample workshops and activities are designed for teachers, administrators, school board members, school council members, parents and community members.” (ProD)

Full Circle: First Nations, Métis, Inuit Ways of Knowing: A Common Threads Resource :  A video resource with teaching accompanying teacher resource from the Ontario Secondary School Teacher’s Federation (OSSTF).  The video is of young aboriginal youth speaking about their individual paths to success. The detailed table of contents within the teacher resource is great guide for the extensive material within the document. The Introduction (p. 3-4)  and page 5 are very worthwhile reading if you need clarification about the concept of  “aboriginal ways of knowing”. (ProD, High School)

Getting to Know Turtle Island: Incorporating First Nations, Métis and Inuit Perspectives K-8 : A document from the Limestone District School Board in the Kingston area of Ontario intended “to reflect the process of learning about First Nation, Métis and Inuit peoples in Canada and the Kingston area.” Includes helpful pedagogical strategies and practical curriculum links. “Many First Nations, including the Algonquin and Mohawks in the Limestone DSB area, have creation stories which describe the land, today known as North America, as being formed on the back of a turtle. They call this continent Turtle Island. While the Métis and Inuit have other names for North America, our title aims to be inclusive of all First Nation, Métis and Inuit cultures, traditions, and perspectives.” (ProD)

Authentic First People’s Resources K-9 : FNESC (First Nations Education Steering Committee) reviewed and approved resources list.  Here is an orientation guide to this document.  As a tool to support teacher’s exploration and sharing resources in this document, here is a Book Scavenger Hunt. (ProD)

K-3 In Our Own Words : FNESC (First Nations Education Steering Committee) reviewed and approved resources list for primary  grades.  As a tool to support teacher’s exploration and sharing of resources in this document, here is a Book Scavenger Hunt. (ProD)

Our Words, Our Way – “Teaching First nations, Métis and Inuit Learners :  This resource offers information about Aboriginal cultures and perspectives, practical ideas, and sample strategies that will help teachers meet the needs and recognize the gifts of Aboriginal students. Many of the sample strategies are good for all students and are relevant for a range of educational settings and contexts.

Circle Traditions — Talk Circle :  This resource comes from Ontario and is located within The Critical Thinking Consortium’s resource called “What Can I Contribute to Meaningful Reconciliation?” found in the Reconciliation section of this site (SWSW Library). Students learn the significance of talking circles for Aboriginal people. They participate in classroom talking circles focused on curriculum-related issues or other issues relevant to them.  Although geared for Grade 1, this resource is a helpful guide to those new to talking circles.